From Pharmacy Drug Guide
Lexapro®, manufactured by Forest Laboratories, Inc., is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant used in the acute treatment of general anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Lexapro® is the brand name for escitalopram oxalate, and is available by prescription only. It is believed that Lexapro® increases serotonin levels in the brain, which influences mood.
The most common adverse reactions to Lexapro® include upset stomach, trouble falling or staying asleep, delayed ejaculation, lowered sex drive, tiredness, excess perspiration, and difficulty achieving orgasm. Antidepressants like Lexapro® may, in rare cases, cause worsened depression and suicidal thoughts or actions. Young people age 24 and under are most likely to become suicidal while on this medication.
Wikimedia: Tom Varco
|Brand name for||Escitalopram oxalate|
|Manufacturer||Forest Laboratories, Inc.|
|Uses||Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder|
|Common side effects||Nausea, fatigue and drowsiness, difficulty sleeping, increased sweating, decreased libido, ejaculation disorder, etc.|
|Major side effects||High fever, confusion, rigid muscles, shaking, rapid changes in blood pressure and heart rate, hallucinations |
|Warnings||Patients are advised to avoid alcohol while on Lexapro® until they are familiar with the drugs effects, and also to avoid driving|
|Disclaimer||The information provided by PharmacyDrugGuide.com is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not take any action based on the information on this page without consulting a physician.|
Lexapro® is believed to help restore the brain's chemical balance by increasing serotonin levels. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter, meaning it chemically delivers messages in the human brain. SSRIs like Lexapro® prevent the brain from re-absorbing this substance, resulting in higher levels of serotonin in the brain.
Lexapro® has been demonstrated as safe and effective in the treatment of general anxiety disorder in adults, as well as major depression disorder in adults and adolescents aged 12-17. Lexapro is a prescription medication generally taken in a once-a-day oral dose. It can be taken with or without food.
Lexapro® is typically used together with an overall treatment program for depression or anxiety. Such programs may include counseling and cognitive or behavioral therapy, as well as lifestyle changes. Medication therapy may not be the right course of action for teenagers.
Lexapro® does not work immediately, and the effects may be seen in one to four weeks. Patients who feel their depression or anxiety ease while taking Lexapro® are advised to continue on with the medication. Discontinuing use without consulting a medical professional is not recommended.
Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or those who are breastfeeding, are advised to consult their doctors before taking Lexapro®.
Lexapro Side Effects
Clinical trials involving over 1,100 adults between the ages of 18-65 showed common side effects from Lexapro® included, but were not limited to the following:
- Upset stomach
- Increased perspiration
- Trouble sleeping
- Lowered sex drive
- Difficulty achieving orgasm
- Ejaculation delay
Additional side effects were common in pediatric patients:
- Nasal congestion
- Back pain
- Urinary tract infections
Lexapro® may cause adverse reactions when taken along with other medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, Advil, Motrin or anything containing ibuprofen; other SSRIs; Orap, an antipsychotic drug; or monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Patients with medical conditions like bleeding problems, liver or kidney disease, or seizures may not be right for Lexapro®.
Lexapro® is not labelled as a controlled substance, and incidence of abuse is thought to be low. However, Lexapro® may be abused when it is not taken in the manner prescribed by a doctor. It is also possible to overdose on Lexapro®, as with most other drugs. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are not generally addictive, but patients may experience withdrawal symptoms if treatment is abruptly halted.
Information About Generalized Anxiety Disorder
General anxiety disorder occurs when someone feels nervous or anxious to the point where it affects their everyday activities. While some anxiety in life is normal, those suffering from GAD may feel little or no joy in life, and may find it hard to maintain relationships. This condition can affect both adults and juveniles. GAD is similar to, but separate from, panic disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD. Many suffers of GAD also develop other psychological conditions.
The approach to treating GAD is multi-faceted. Typically, psychological help is recommended in combination with medications like Lexapro®. Patients may be taught relaxation methods and encouraged to alter certain habits.
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